Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (1901-1985) was a French painter and sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so-called "low art" and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favor of what he believed to be a more authentic and humanistic approach to image-making.
Dubuffet began painting at the age of seventeen and studied briefly at the Académie Julian, Paris.
After seven years, he abandoned painting and became a wine merchant. During the thirties, he painted again for a short time, but it was not until 1942 that he began the work which has distinguished him as an outstanding innovator in postwar European painting. Dubuffet looked to the margins of the everyday—the art of prisoners, psychics, the uneducated, and the institutionalized—to liberate his own creativity, coining the term “Art Brut” as a reflection of the creative possibilities outside the conventions of the day. His paintings from the early forties in brightly colored oils were soon followed by works in which he employed such unorthodox materials as cement, plaster, tar, and asphalt-scraped, carved and cut and drawn upon with a rudimentary, spontaneous line.
让·菲利普·阿瑟·杜布菲（Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet，1901-1985）是法国画家和雕塑家。他对美学的理想主义方法采用了所谓的“低级艺术”，并避开了传统的审美标准，转而采用他认为更真实、更人性化的图像制作方法。 杜布菲十七岁开始绘画，并在巴黎朱利安学院短暂学习。 七年后，他放弃绘画，成为一名酒商。三十年代，他又作了很短的时间，但直到 1942 年才开始创作，这使他成为战后欧洲绘画的杰出创新者。杜布菲特着眼于日常生活的边缘——囚犯、通灵者、未受教育者和制度化者的艺术——以释放他自己的创造力，创造了“Art Brut”一词，以反映当时传统之外的创造性可能性。他四十年代初的色彩鲜艳的油画作品紧随其后，他在作品中使用了水泥、石膏、焦油和沥青等非正统材料，用基本的、自发的线条进行雕刻、切割和绘制。