Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki de Saint Phalle was born in France in 1930 to an aristocratic Catholic family. She was a French-American sculptor, painter, and filmmaker. Niki was one of the few women artists widely known for monumental sculpture, but also for her commitments.
"An enfant terrible" ever trying to escape the bourgeois existence into which she was born, Niki de Saint-Phalle taught herself painting and rose to artistic prominence through her colorful monumental outdoor sculptures of extravagantly voluptuous female figures.
Early in her career, she became known for the abstract paintings she made by placing paint-filled bags above canvases and shooting them—a form of protest against patriarchy and rigidity. Through her “nanas”, a series of life-size papier maché dolls of the proverbial “everywoman”—including brides and mothers giving birth—de Saint-Phalle contemplated women’s societal roles.
Later, inspired by Antoni Gaudí´s Parc Güell in Barcelona, she set out to create something equally impressive but made by a woman; the result was Il Giardino dei Tarocchi (The Tarot Garden), a garden filled with colorful sculptures based on Tarot card symbols, which she created over 20 years on land she acquired in Tuscany.
Niki de Saint Phalle于1930年出生于法国，是一个贵族天主教家庭。她是一位法裔美国雕塑家，画家和电影制作人。尼基是少数以纪念雕塑而闻名的女艺术家之一，也是她的承诺。 Niki de Saint-Phalle“一个顽童可怕的”试图摆脱她出生的资产阶级的存在，通过她丰富多彩的巨大女性形象的巨大的户外雕塑，自学绘画，并通过艺术突出。 在她的职业生涯早期，她因为在画布上方放置装满油漆的袋子并拍摄它们而制作的抽象画而闻名 - 这是一种抗议父权制和刚性的形式。通过她的“nanas”，一系列真人大小的纸塑娃娃，众所周知的“每个女人” - 包括新娘和母亲分娩 - de Saint-Phalle考虑妇女的社会角色。 后来，在安东尼·高迪的巴塞罗那ParcGüell的启发下，她开始创造同样令人印象深刻的东西，但是由女人制作;结果是Il Giardino dei Tarocchi（塔罗花园），一个充满了基于塔罗牌符号的彩色雕塑的花园，她在托斯卡纳收购的土地上创造了20多年。